Physical development of children and youth is monitored through somatic growth, defined by body height, weight and triceps skinfold. Nutrition status is assessed through body mass index (BMI), which is calculated form height and weight. Individuals can be divided into different classes of nutritional status: undernutrition, normal nutritional status, overweight and obesity. Triceps skinfold is the anthropometric indicator of peripheral fat distribution. Children with high BMI and thick skinfold are exposed to major health risks.
Motor development is monitored through the development of various motor abilities. Indicators of the health-related fitness are aerobic capacity, muscular strength, muscular endurance and flexibility. Risk of heart disease, diabetes and stroke are reduced by highly developed aerobic abilities and properly developed flexibility. Muscular strength and muscular endurance are important for injury prevention and overall functioning of the body. Indicators with physical efficiency-related fitness are speed, explosive strength and body coordination and are generally not directly linked reduction of cardiovascular and metabolic risks but have considerably protective function, which enable fast and coordinated response in the event of overcoming unexpected obstacles during movements and falls.
Motor abilities are in primary and secondary school measured with 8 different motoric tasks (link na>Be fit, get into SLOfit): 20 second arm plate tapping, standing broad jump, polygon backwards, 60 seconds sit-ups, stand and reach, bent arm hang, 60m dash and 600m run. Based on the results we can index physical efficiency of the individuals, which tells us their position related to the population.
description of SLOfit test battery procedure is at this link (link na About SLOfit>Test battery).